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extraction and processing of gold platinum and iron

  • Platinum Mining in South Africa - Projects IQ

    Platinum mining in South Africa, or mining for Platinum Group Metals (PGM), is widespread on the African continent, and South Africa holds over 80% of the world's reserves. For investors interested in the PGM sector in Africa, South Africa seems to be the logical starting point.

  • how to process platinum ore - BINQ Mining

    Dec 12, 2012 · How Is Platinum Mined – Life123 – Articles and Answers about Life .. The first step in the mining process is getting the platinum ore out of the ground and into a refinery or processing plant. Two methods exist to extract platinum ore: . »More detailed

  • How Is Platinum Extracted? | Reference.com

    Because platinum is so rare, it must be extracted after being mined through a process that involves crushing it into incredibly small particles and separating these particles from one another. This is known as the flotation separation method, and produces a frothy layer of particles that can be skimmed to provide the extracted platinum.

  • Platinum - Wikipedia

    Platinum, along with the rest of the platinum-group metals, is obtained commercially as a by-product from nickel and copper mining and processing. During electrorefining of copper, noble metals such as silver, gold and the platinum-group metals as well as selenium and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as "anode mud", which forms the .

  • Extracting Gold | HowStuffWorks

    Removing the gold-bearing rock from the ground is just the first step. To isolate pure gold, mining companies use a complex extraction process. The first step in this process is breaking down large chunks of rock into smaller pieces. At a mill, large machines known as crushers reduce the ore to pieces no larger than road gravel.

  • The Extraction of Iron - Chemistry LibreTexts

    Cast iron has already been mentioned above. This section deals with the types of iron and steel which are produced as a result of the steel-making process. Wrought iron: If all the carbon is removed from the iron to give high purity iron, it is known as wrought iron. Wrought iron is quite soft and easily worked and has little structural strength.

  • US4353740A - Chlorine extraction of gold - Google Patents

    A process for treating a particulated gold bearing ore to recover the gold therein is disclosed. The process includes roasting the ore to remove sulfides as sulfur dioxide followed by chlorination of the ore at a temperature of about 350° C. in the presence of iron to form a mixture of volatile gold chlorides and volatile gold-iron chlorides in the chlorine off gases followed by condensing .

  • Iron processing | Britannica

    Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with a silvery white appearance and distinctive.

  • Extraction and Refining of the Platinum Metals | Johnson .

    This produces an enriched slime running approximately 65 per cent of the platinum group metals and gold. At this point the platinum-bearing gravity concentrates shipped from South Africa join those produced in the Johnson Matthey smelting plant, and together enter the wet process refinery.

  • Gold Processing Methods & Gold Ore Extraction

    This was a geometallurgy exercise in which 8 lithologies from the same open-pit gold deposit were tested for Silver and Gold Extraction and evaluation of the response for 2 Processing Methods. The feed gold and silver was amenable to gravity separation and flotation.

  • Ore processing – Waihi Gold

    The Mining Process. Ore processing. Ore processing. At the processing plant, gold and silver are extracted from the ore. The processing plant alternates between treating ore from the Martha Mine open pit and from the Favona underground mine. Ore processing consists of the following stages:

  • (PDF) Extraction of Platinum Group Metals

    Porphyry copper and mixed copper-gold sulfide deposits contain varying amounts of precious (gold and silver) and platinum group metals (PGMs). Currently, milling and froth flotation is the most .

  • Platinum Refining Process

    Platinum Refining Process is described below. Platinum refineries provide an economical and environmentally friendly precious metal recovery service. We buy platinum scrap and separate the pure platinum from other precious metals and waste materials. Platinum scrap such as platinum coins, palladium PD and platinum wire is weighed and then smelted.

  • Mining of Iron Ores – IspatGuru

    Mar 14, 2014 · The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite (FeO(OH)), limonite (FeO(OH).n(H2O)) or siderite (FeCO3). The process of mining consists of discovery of an iron ore deposit through extraction of iron ore and finally to returning the land to its natural state. It consists of several distinct steps.

  • Metal extraction and the reactivity series - Iron and .

    Learn about the methods of extracting iron and aluminium with BBC Bitesize GCSE Chemistry. . Metal extraction and the reactivity series. . Because gold it is so unreactive, it is found as the .

  • Gold extraction - Wikipedia

    Gold extraction refers to the processes required to extract gold from its ores.This may require a combination of comminution, mineral processing, hydrometallurgical, and pyrometallurgical processes to be performed on the ore.. Gold mining from alluvium ores was once achieved by techniques associated with placer mining such as simple gold panning and sluicing, resulting in direct recovery of .

  • Properties of Metals and Extraction of Metals Flashcards .

    The least reactive metals such as gold, silver and platinum were found natural. Moderately reactive metals such as Copper Iron and Tin have been extracted using carbon based smelting. Very Reactive metals such as Potassium Sodium and Calcium have been extracted using a process .

  • Palladium Mining, Techniques, Mines, Occurence, PGM, Metal .

    Palladium is normally a platinum group Metal (PGM). It is a rare element and occurs along with deposits of platinum, nickel, copper, silver and gold and is therefore obtained as a byproduct of mining these metals i.e. PGM. The mining of palladium is a very intricate process because of the fact that palladium is so spread out under the surface and in the mines and requires using mechanical .

  • Gold extraction - Wikipedia

    Gold extraction refers to the processes required to extract gold from its ores.This may require a combination of comminution, mineral processing, hydrometallurgical, and pyrometallurgical processes to be performed on the ore.. Gold mining from alluvium ores was once achieved by techniques associated with placer mining such as simple gold panning and sluicing, resulting in direct recovery of .

  • Platinum Mining and Refining | Education

    Platinum Processes & Uses. A solid platinum nugget. Image from popsci.com. Nuggets or grains of pure platinum can be found in nature, but more frequently, platinum is found alloyed with other metals, such as iron, copper, gold, nickel, and the other PGMs.The size of platinum grains or nuggets varies from small granules to pebbles weighing up to 20 pounds (9 kg) or more.

  • The Properties and Applications of Platinum

    The first step in this process is to crush platinum containing ore and immerse it in the reagent containing water; a process known as 'froth flotation'. During flotation, air is pumped through the ore-water slurry. Platinum particles chemically attach on to the oxygen and rise to the surface in a froth that is skimmed off for further refining.

  • Mining Waste Products - University of Exeter

    Mining Waste Products. The types of waste materials generated are dependant upon the type of mining activity. Around the Fal Estuary there have been effectively three main types of mining activity: (1) the recovery of cassiterite from the river sediments (so called tin streaming or placer mining); (2) the underground and opencast mining for metal (hard rock mining); and (3) opencast mining for .

  • The crazy economics of mining asteroids for gold and platinum

    Jan 25, 2013 · The crazy economics of mining asteroids for gold and platinum . Not one but two companies have now decided that they're going to mine asteroids to collect gold and platinum. . iron .

  • Metal extraction and the reactivity series - Iron and .

    Learn about the methods of extracting iron and aluminium with BBC Bitesize GCSE Chemistry. . Metal extraction and the reactivity series. . Because gold it is so unreactive, it is found as the .

  • Iron Mining Process - Minnesota Iron

    Iron Mining Process. From blasting to crushing to separation – more than 85% of the iron mined in the United States is mined in northeastern Minnesota to make our nation's steel. Blasting Taconite is a very hard rock. Using explosives, the taconite is blasted into small pieces.

  • Mining And Mineral Processing | The Lithosphere | Siyavula

    Gold mining consumes large amounts of electricity and water. Electricity is often generated using non-renewable resources. Poisoned water. If the mining process is not monitored properly, acid and other chemicals from gold processing can leach into nearby water systems such as rivers.

  • Extraction of Gold

    Bromine acts more energetically than chlorine, and has also been employed in the extraction. The recovery of the gold is effected similarly, and the bromine is then liberated by the action of chlorine, but it is impossible to prevent loss of bromine. Cyanide-process The extraction of gold by the cyanide-method is of great technical importance.

  • THE RECOVERY OF PLATINUM, PALLADIUM, AND GOLD .

    Gold was selectively recovered with the use of Minix, while effective recovery of gold, platinum, and palladium over the base metals, copper, and iron, was achieved with Amberlite PWA-5. Successful elution of these metal cyanides was possible from both Minix and Amberlite PWA-5, using a 2M potassium thiocyanate solution at ambient temperature.

  • Processing, smelting and refining gold | World Gold Council

    The two gold refining methods most commonly employed to derive pure gold are: the Miller process and the Wohlwill process. The Miller process uses gaseous chlorine to extract impurities when gold is at melting point; impurities separate into a layer on the surface of the molten purified gold.

  • Gold Extraction & Recovery Processes

    When we have to mention hydrometallurgical treatments, the cyanidation process must be mentioned initially due to has been employed in the gold mining industry for a long time. The cyanidation process was invented in 1887 when the gold recovery started to .